Florida is the freest state in the nation, according to a Cato Institute study that ranks each U.S. state by “how its public policies promote freedom in the fiscal, regulatory, and personal freedom spheres.”
The Sunshine State earned seven top-10 rankings, including four number ones – in the Overall, Fiscal, Economic and Cable categories – in the 2018 edition of
Every four years the Washington-based think tank produces “Freedom in the 50 States,” report; in 2014 Florida also ranked first.
“Floridians should be proud of their No. 1 ranking,” study co-author William P. Ruger wrote. “Florida’s leaders have largely avoided restrictive policies that have harmed economic growth in other states while making opportunity-enhancing reforms that have benefited current residents and the hundreds flocking to the state each day.”
Ruger and co-author Jason Sorens developed the ranking by examining “state and local government intervention” across a range of more than 230 policy variables in 25 categories – from taxation to marriage laws, regulatory policies to victimless crime enforcement to property insurance affordability.
“Over the past two decades, Florida has made tremendous strides protecting liberty, limiting government intrusion into the lives of Floridians, and promoting economic prosperity,” the study states. “It’s why more than $156 billion in annual income has migrated from high tax states like New York [which ranked worst] to Florida.”
Overall individual freedom, fiscal and regulatory policies, and personal freedom, was considered in the index.
Florida scored first in fiscal policy, 22nd in regulatory policy, and 11th in personal freedom. Out of the total 24 categories, Florida ranked in the top 25 of 17, top 20 in 14, top 10 in seven, and first in four.
“Florida does especially well on economic freedom, especially on fiscal policy,” Ruger and Sorens write. “Regulatory policy is improved but mediocre in comparison to the fiscal side. Florida’s personal freedom has lagged in the past; however, it has improved a lot over the past two years.”
Florida ranked first in the fiscal category, which measures taxes, government employment, spending, debt and fiscal decentralization. It also ranked first in the economic category, which includes a combination of fiscal and regulatory policies.
It ranked first in both, the report states, “Florida’s state-level tax collections are more than a standard deviation and a half below the national average, while its local tax collections are about average.
“Florida’s government consumption and debt are lower than average. Government employment is much below average, falling from 11.2 percent of private employment in 2010 to 9 percent in 2016.”
Florida ranked second in “educational freedom.” The study states, “Florida is one of the top states for educational freedom, although homeschool regulations remain substantial.”
Comments accompanying the study emphasized that there was still more to do to reducing “unhelpful regulations on businesses and restrictions on personal freedom if Florida wants to retain its title as freest state in the country.”
The areas in need of improvement include:
- The state’s ”homeowner’s insurance market is among the most regulated and dysfunctional in the country.”
- “Regulations on managed care plans are among the worst in the country, with standing referrals, direct access to specialists, and a ban on financial incentives to providers.”
- The state “is far below average on occupational freedom” with its lowest ranking – no. 46 – in any category.